What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis refers to a degenerative spinal condition that is caused due to an abnormal curving of the spine. While it was earlier assumed that scoliosis only affects children and teenagers, it is now established that adults can suffer from scoliosis as well. This can be due to degenerative changes in the spine from a curvature that occurred in childhood, due to a condition such as osteoporosis, or in some cases, even a newly discovered curvature that has occurred more recently.
Scoliosis symptoms in adults
Here are some of the most common symptoms that adults with scoliosis face.
- Pain: Various types of pains and aches such as headaches, shoulder and neck aches, and backaches may occur. As Many Scoliosis Experts has explains, this may either be due to the actual condition itself or due to compression of the nerves due to the abnormal curvature that leads to pain. This type of compression of the nerves that leads to pain is referred to as spinal stenosis. Spinal stenosis has symptoms similar to peripheral neuropathy, wherein performing simple activities such as walking or standing may also cause pain or difficulty.
- Back deformity: While scoliosis is not always visible, usually, a bulge can be witnessed in extreme cases, especially if there is also back pain. If the spine has rounded or bulged, it can be witnessed through postural imbalances as well as a lack of symmetry in the mid-section of the body.
Signs of scoliosis in Adults With Scoliosis
- Certain other additional conditions such as becoming shorter are also witnessed in some adults.
- Becoming tired quickly, being unable to breathe easily are also symptoms witnessed in patients with scoliosis. However, these symptoms tend to be more common in those with spinal curvatures that extend beyond 70 degrees or more.
- A lack of appetite due to feeling full is also a symptom of scoliosis. Pressure on the stomach and the mid-section due to the bending of the spine can lead to a feeling of satiety and can cause the person to not feel hunger or an appetite as usual, even if they have not eaten adequately.
What causes scoliosis in adults
There is no specific reason as to why scoliosis may occur, though studies of recent times show that genetics and hereditary factors may have a role to play. Some of the other reasons that scoliosis may occur may be due to conditions such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy, birth defects that affect the normal growth of the spine, or trauma to the spine during younger years, or any other injuries, co-morbidities, or infections that affect the spine and spinal posture.
Here are some of the most common risk factors associated with scoliosis to help you ascertain whether you are at risk or not.
- Age: Those in their childhood (pre-pubescent) or their teenage are more likely to develop scoliosis.
- Sex: While scoliosis is more common in young girls, boys are also diagnosed with scoliosis regularly. The rate of degeneration and worsening of the curvature of the spine may progress faster on females than in males.
- Hereditary factors: While this is not an absolute risk factor, it has been seen that many children with scoliosis have a history of the condition in their family.
One of the things to remember about scoliosis is that until the spinal curvature becomes immensely large, such as over 30 degrees or so, the condition may be even asymptomatic. However, these are some of the common complications associated with scoliosis in more extreme cases.
- Damage to vital organs such as the lungs or the heart due to the spinal curvature pressing against them.
- Back pain, postural difficulties, asymmetry, and nerve pain may also occur in some cases.
While it is true that one cannot tell whether a person has scoliosis just by looking at them in most cases, one of the most telling signs of severe scoliosis is the way that it affects the appearance of people. One of the most pressing concerns for those with scoliosis is the aesthetic aspect of the condition. Given that the condition can affect the postural balance of the body as well as the symmetry of it, the appearance of an individual may be affected due to scoliosis. Visit the page if You want to know how can scoliosis be corrected in adults